Volume 4, Issue 1, Spring 2008, Page 1-242

Bactermia and Septicemia in the ChildrenUnder three years at Al-Nasseria Province

Khwam R. Al-Husseiny

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-10

This study was carried out in Al-Habobi Hospital for Children and Maternity in Al-Nasseria city. Fifty-four blood cultures were obtained from 54 children (age from 7 days to three years) with history of febrile, focal infection and history of illness. Forty-three isolates were isolated from forty patients (22 males and 18 females) with blood steam infections. Gram positive microorganisms were predominate (60.46%)such as Streptococcus pneumoniae (18.60%),Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus (16.22%),Coaglase negative Staphylococci (9.30%), and Gram negative bacteria, Escherichia coli (16.22%), Pseudomonas spp. ,Hemophilus influenza (4.65%) respectively. Results of antimicrobial sensitivity which showed that Ceftriaxon, Cefotaxime, Augmentin, Amoxicillin and Ampiclox were the high effective against Gram positive bacteria, and the Gentamycin, Amikacin and Trimotheprim the most suitable antimicrobial against Gram negative bacteria.

Symptoms Frequencies and Stressors in the Hysterical Subjects

Saadoun Dawood Ahmed AL-Jiboori

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 11-20

Hysteria is one of the oldest words, derived from Greek word meaning wondering of uterus in the body. Hysterical neurosis was eliminated from DSM-III, and its subsequent editions (DSM-IIIR, DSM-IV, and DSM-IVTR), and its replacement by "dissociation disorders" and "conversion disorders. This study was done to identify frequency of hysterical symptoms and the preceding stressors.52patients was diagnosed according to DSM-IVTR, diagnostic criteria, between July and December2007. Then all patients were assessed with a semi structured interview, using seven items, about, age, sex, marital status, educational level, occupation, stressors and residential status.81% of the patients were females while 19% were males. The most frequent presentation was with conversion symptoms in 75% of the cases. Loss of consciousness was the most frequent symptom (25%), followed by paralysis (21%). 86% of patients had a history of stressors; while 14% deny any history of stressors. Most patients had a low educational level and they were from rural areas. Hysterical patients were presenting with one or more symptoms affecting voluntary motor or sensory function, this emphasizes the need for awareness among other specialties of these symptoms. Stressors are present in a large proportion of these patients and identification of these stressors is important for their management.

Prevalence of anxiety disorders among outpatient depressed patients in Thi-qar governorate

A. H.Hussien

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 21-29

The study determined the frequency of anxiety disorders in a large group of depressed outpatients. The Composit International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to130 depressed outpatients. More than one-half of the patients met the full criteria for a current anxiety disorder, and more than one-half of the patients with an anxiety disorder had more than one. When partial remissions and anxiety disorder diagnoses classified as "not otherwise specified" were included, two-thirds of the patients had a current anxiety disorder and three-quarters had a lifetime history of an anxiety disorder.The majority of patients with a principal diagnosis of unipolar major depressive disorder have a comorbid anxiety disorder. Because antidepressant medications have differential efficacies for anxiety disorders, knowledge of the presence of a comorbid anxiety disorder in a depressed patient may have treatment implications.

Risk Factors CausingIntrauterine Growth Retardation in Basrah

Mawahib Abid Salman; Sajeda A. Rubaei

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 30-40

A case control study involving five hundred women who were admitted to Basrah Maternity and Children Hospital for the purpose of delivery and they were divided into two groups, two hundred fifty term size babies with birth weight below tenth percentile of gestational age and two hundred fifty control term size babies of normal birth weight were born during the same period from the first of January till the eighteenth of September 1998. The objective of this study is to determine the factors causing intrauterine growth retardation in Basrah.A higher incidence of previous abortion and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) were found among the cases (mothers carrying IUGR babies and that anaemia, hypertension, preeclampsia (PE) and antepartum haemorrhage (APH) were the common complications occurs in mother with IUGR babies.It was found that younger mother and shorter one gives birth to lighter babies than older one and IUGR was common among primigravidia mother.The majority of cases of IUGR in Basrah were found among the low socioeconomic class and being illiterate.

Emergence of relapse in supervised chemotherapy pulmonary tuberculosis in Diwanyah

Hadi jabre Suhail

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 41-50

In Diwanyah, as in all other Iraqi governorates, fully supervised short coarse chemotherapy is being followed for the initial intensive phase of tuberculoses treatment since (2000).
Generally, relapse rate with such short coarse chemotherapy has been less than 4%. In this retrospective study, we have studied the files of (3818) of already diagnosed as positive TB cases (pulmonary and extra pulmonary) from those (1203) positive cases where found, during the last 5 years and they were supervised short course chemotherapy. Pattern of relapse was analyzed in ( 1203 ) positive cases registered cases of P.T.B over all relapses in new cases was 6.9 % , being the highest in the year ( 2004 ) where it was ( 8 %) , while the lowest in the year ( 2002 ) where it was ( 1.5 %) .

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Iraqi Patients Clinical Features and Psychopharmacological Treatment

Adel A. Monicher Al-zaidi

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 51-55

Post-traumatic stress disorders(PTSD)may follow civilian psychological trauma .This study was an attempt to identify the frequency of clinical features of this significant disorder among Iraqi patients who exposed to various forms of sever civilian trauma ,and also to explore the effectiveness of psychotropic medications used in treatment ,and available in Iraqi market .
For this purpose, 25 patients with a diagnosis of PTSD were studied carefully. Symptoms were sever according to the number of Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) items fulfilled ,chronicity and severity of psychosocial disability .Antidepressants had good or moderate results in 69% of cases treated ,but major tranquilizers were much less effective.

Neonatal septicemia in AL_Najaf AL_Ashref governerate : bacteriological profile and antimicrobial sensitivity

Adnan H. Al-Hamadani; Adel H. Sheeh; Sinaa AbdulAmir AL-Zubaidy

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 56-65

Neonatal septicemia still one of the most important causes of neonatal sepsis and death. Knowledge of bacteriological profile and antibacterial sensitivity pattern in our locality play an important role in selection of antibacterial drug that will be very effective against causative pathogens.This study conducted in AL- NAJAF AL- ASHREF Governorate during period extended between Nov.2007 to Feb.-2008, about 57 clinically suspected cases of neonatal septicemia was enrolled, to study bacteriological profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Results showed that 33 cases (58 %) gave positive blood culture results and there was no growth in 24 cases (42 %), from the positive cases there was 20 males and 13 females.On the other hand, Klebsiella sp. represented 42.4% of all isolates and Escherichia coli were 27.2 %, while the rest (30.29 %) was represented by Staphylococcus aureus. Sensitivity pattern showed that S.aureus was sensitive to Norfloxacin (100 %), Vancomycin (85.7 %), Netilmicin (66.6 %), Teicoplanin (66.6 %) and Azithromycin (42.8 %). While Klebsiella sp. was sensitive to Amikacin (100 %), Norfloxacin (100 %), Nalidixic acid (100 %), Doxycycline (50 %), Cephalexin (0 %) and Gentamycin (0 %).While E.coli was sensitive (100 %) to Norfloxacin, (100 %) for Amikacin, (100 %) for Tobramycin, (50%) to cefotaxime and (50 %) for Nalidixic acid. These results will help the physician in our locality to select most sensitive drug by the bacteria for optimum successful treatment to overcome morbidity and mortality in neonate.

Life Events and Depression in Diwania

AbdulZahra Mohammad Al-Kafaje; Ali Al-hamzawi

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 67-70

Sixty patients diagnosed as depression at Al-Diwania teaching hospital by two psychiatrist using Beck-Dep. Inventory Short version, compared with eighty non- psychiatrically disturbed controls, in the period between 1st July 2000 to 31 Dec. 2000. Were studied for life events using a semi-structured life events interview.
It was found that depressed group had significantly more life events in the twelve months preceding the onset of their depression than the controls in the same periods.

Extraction and purification of alpha- hemolysin which producing by Staphylococcus aureus isolated from different Clinical samples

Talib Falih Hassen

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 71-84

Four hindered seventy six clinical samples were collected from patients since June 2003 to May 2004 the number of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the samples were 163 isolates as follows : urine 52 isolates , wound swab 38 isolates , ear swab 21 isolates , tonsillar swab 17 isolates. Boil swab 11 isolates and Nasal swab 24 isolates Alpha hemolysin of Staphylococcus aureus isolates was designated by hemolysin assay it was found that 42% ( 70 ) of isolates were alpha- hemolysin producers. The extraction of alpha- hemolysin from liquid media from producing isolates was done by cooling centrifugation and purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel - filtration chromatography. Activities of purified alpha-hemolysin were detected, it had 2560 HU/ml the optimum temperature of alpha - hemolysin activity was 20 - 40 C and the optimum incubation period was 14hr. The optimum pH of alpha-hemolysin activity was 7. Cytotoxic activity of alpha - hemolysin against human leukocytes were determined and found the survival ratio of human leukocytes was decreased (38%) after treatment with 15 mg/ml for 30 min. while it lost after treatment with 30 mg/ml for 30 min. too.

Expression of p16INK4a Protein in Colorectal Cancer Patients

Eqbal D. Chalap

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 85-97

This study carried out on Forty-three patients attending hospitals for elective surgical resection of colorectal cancer (CRC) from October 2002 to March 2004. Thirty-five resection margins that histopathologically proved free of malignancy taken from the normal tissue of the same patients used as controls of staining efficiency and evaluation for immunohistochemistry (IHC). p16INK4a immunoexpression in the CRN are less than 5% and regarded as negative while 32 of 43 CRC patients had positive reaction for p16INK4a.

The Symptom Profile of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Iraqi Patients

Adel A. Monicher Al- Zaidy

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 98-102

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a common psychiatric disorder, which may cause significant distress and disability. This study was an attempt to identify the symptom frequency of this significant disorder among the patients attending the only out patient clinic in Al-Diwanyia Teaching Hospital (180 Km south of Baghdad).
Headache (75%), Fatigue (70%), Palpitation (67.5%), Chest pain (66.6%) and Persistent irritability (64.1%) were the most frequent symptoms in 120 outpatients with a diagnosis of GAD.

The use of oral pentoxifylline HCl in treatment of idiopathic male infertility

Ali Hamdan alkinany

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 103-113

Infertility is a problem affecting about 15% of newly married couples. Twenty five percent of them have no identifiable etiology; idiopathic. A lot of drugs and agents have been used empirically. Pentoxifylline has been used effectively invitor with IVF and ICSI. To asses its efficacy in treatment of idiopathic infertility, oral pentoxifylline HCl (tronteral) has bees prescribed orally to 60 patients with idiopathic infertility. It has been given twice daily for three months, after that a new SFA show no response in the majority of patients. In the nine percent who got some response, no pregnancy occurred.We concluded from this study that oral pentoxifylline is ineffective in treatment of idiopathic infertility.

Is there an association between Diabetes Mellitus and Serum Creatinine Concentrations

Kassim Fawzi AbdulKareem; Hassan Khalaf Ulaiwi; Mohammed K. AbdulKareem

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 114-127

The aim of this study was to evaluate serum creatinine level as a diagnostic test in relation to diabetes mellitus and to clear the difference in serum creatinine concentrations between diabetic males and females. Thirty two rabbits purchased from the local market, weighing 1.2-2 kg were used in the experiment.
The animals were divided according to the gender into two groups and each was equally divided into diabetic and control group.The results revealed highly significant difference in the serum creatinine concentrations between diabetic groups and control groups, and the serum creatinine concentrations

Gastroenteritis in Diwaniya

Fadhl alzamili

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 128-132

Diarrhoeal disease is an important cause of morbidity worldwide, and represents a leading cause of death especially in children,the majority of patients with acute Gastroenteritis do not seek medical advice and investigations are frequently omitted In those who do these investigations, therfore, there are no true records for this diseaseThis study aims to evaluate cases of gastroenteritis and effectiveness of therapy.Over (2) years period from January 2004-january 2006. evaluation of (318) patients
With diarrhea were done in Diwaniya Teaching Hospital, who satisfied the following Inclusion criteria; (a) age > 16 y, (b) presented with acute gastroenteritis (C) treated with Or without observation and (d) had positive stool culture.
Three hundred and eighteen patients were included in this study; pathogens identified Were Enteropathogenic E.coli (62.92%) and the lowest with Enterotoxigeneic E .coli
Bloody diarrohea were present in (30) patients, mean duration of diarrohea from onset to discharge for those needed admission was 5 days.Majority of patients showed favourable response to simple rehydration measures, with the higher rates of dehydration seen among Campylobacter isolate. Most patients with bacterial gastroenteritis do not present with high fever ,bloody Diarrhea,or persistant diarrhea, but generally have quite sever disease.

The Diagnostic Value of T. helper 1 Cytokines in Tuberculous and Malignant Pleural Effusions

Hummadi Abtan Al-Hilaly

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 133-143

The pleural effusion is an occasion clinical presentation of tuberculosis and lung cancer and clear differentiation of this condition is critical, as it appeared as typical lymphocytic pleural effusion in both diseases. There is a dominance of Th1 response in tuberculous pleurisy, a matter which encourages the evaluation of Th1 cytokines in order to reveal a possible diagnostic tool. Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) as a major product of Th1, Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and (IL-18) as IFN-γ inducing cytokines were evaluated in 39 patient's pleural effusions (10 tuberculous and 29 lung cancer) using ELISA. Our results demonstrated significantly increased levels of IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-18 in tuberculous pleural effusions compared with those of malignancies. Moreover, it was found that IFN-γ is strongly correlated (r=0.71) with IL-12. The Receiver-Operator-Characteristics (ROC) analysis explored great areas under curves (AUCs) for the three cytokines suggesting diagnostic marking for tuberculous pleurisy differentiating it from malignant one. The most reliable cytokine in the diagnosis was the IFN-γ as it appeared at ROC of 0.93 followed by IL-12 and IL-18 which contribute to 0.80 and 0.71 ROC's, respectively. A larger study including more cytokines regarding Th1 and Th2 products is recommended.

Comparative study between trans-fontanelle us& spiral CT scan in the diagnosis of the congenital hydrocephalus

Najat A. AL-Hassnaw

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 144-153

Compared between the trans-fontal US & spiral Ct scan exam in the diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, A series of 100 infants with age range of (20 days to 12 months) were studied over a period of 2 years in Teaching hospital in Al-diwaniya city.
The commonest type of hydrocephalus in this study were obstructive type (83%).The US exam showing (100%) sensitivity in detection the lateral ventricle dilatation as in spiral CT can , with (97%) in detected the 3rd ventricle dilatation in compared with (100%) for spiral CT scan & (64%) in diagnosis 4th ventricle dilation with (100%) .Trans-fontal US exam showing highly sensitivity in early diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, with relatively low sensitivity in differentiation between the obstructive & non-obstructive type (low sensitivity in detection the 4th ventricle).In conclusion trans-fontal US exam can be used as a first choice diagnostic test in the diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, and CT scan should be preserved for bony & parenchymal abnormalities.

Pregnancy OutcomeWithin One Year AfterMolar Evacuation

Sajeda A. Rubaei

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 154-159

Hydatidiform mole pregnancy divided into two major groups, complete molar pregnancy with diploid kayrotype and partial moles which is triploid kayrotype(1).The incidence of molar pregnancy in Europe and north America 1:2000 Pregnancies which in Asia the incidence is as high as 1:200 live births(2).Woman aged over 40 and below 20 years are particularly at risk(2) . Women with a history of one mole have a 20 folds risk of recurrence(3) , patients with molar pregnancy require careful HCG follow up after evacuation to insure complete remission because the principle risk is choriocarcinoma which occurs in 3% of the cases, the risk is low it partial moles(4(.Effective contraception is advised for one year after evacuation during which follow up with an HCG assay is therefore essential, the determination repeated every 1-2 weeks until the HCG disappears, then monthly for 6 moths(5) but unfortunately despite strong encouragement, some patients with hydatidiform mole conceive a new pregnancy before completing a recommended follow up So our aim in this study is to determine the pregnancy outcome in patients with partial or complete molar pregnancy who conceive before completing the recommended HCG follow up.

Epidemiology of Hepatitis HBV and HCV at Thi-Qar Province – Iraq

Yahia Abdelreda Abass; Khawam R. Al-Husseiny; Aqeel Abass Kareem

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 160-171

The study was conducted on 1990 patients [ 1140 (57.3%) males and 850 (42.7%) females] during three years 2005-2007 at Thi-Qar province. They suffering from sings and symptoms of liver diseases. The results improved no positive case of infection with HIV , and revealed 176 (8.8%) positive hepatitis cases. HBV had high prevalence than other types including 100(5%) cases with significant differences , followed by HCV 63(3.2%) and 13(0.7%)cases were recorded as dual infections (HBV+HCV). Significant increase of infections among males were recorded 113(64.2%) .High seroprevalence of HBV ,HCV and dual HBV+HCV were recorded in patients with age group 16-30 years reached to 82(46.6%), followed by the age group 31-45 years : 58(32.9%) .Dual infections decrease in the lower age and absent in age group 46-74 . According to occupation ,the highest number of infections found among workers 57(32.3%) , followed by housewives 40(22.7%) , students 36(20.5%) , officers 33(18.8%) and children 10(5.7%) .

Some Biochemical Risk Factors for Myocardial Infarction in Babylon City

Maha F. Al-Smaisim

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 172-189

The present comprehensive study was designed to investigate the changes in some biochemical parameters and determine the risk factors in sera samples of patient with myocardial infarction (MI) [history of diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, hypertension (blood pressure BP), and DM+ BP+smoking].Sixty four patients with MI attending to Merjan Teaching Hospital in Hilla City, were included in the present study. Also thirty two healthy individuals of matched age and gender were utilized as control.The main measurements included the following biochemical measurements:-Ceruloplasmin (CP), copper(Cu),total protein(TP) ,albumin(Alb.),globulin(Glo),total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), and total bilirubin(TB) concentrations, also Alb./Glo. ratio, TC/Alb ratio, CP oxidase activity, CP oxidase specific activity and Cu conc. / CP oxidase activity ratio in sera of healthy (control) and patients with MI (history of DM , BP and DM+BP+smoking).The results revealed a highly significant increase(p<0.001) in the CP, TP, Glo, TG, TB concentrations, Alb./Glo. ratio, CP oxidase activity, specific activity and Cu conc./CP oxidase activity ratio in sera of patients with MI (DM+ BP+smoking),while the same parameter referred significant increase(p<0.01) in patients with MI(DM or BP) in comparisom with control group. But Alb. concentration show significant decrease in the all groups (p<0.001), (p<0.01) respectively.
An important finding in this study is that biochemical risk factors appeared to occur in patients with DM+BP+smoking more the patients with DM or BP. This observation suggests that DM+BP+smoking may be more prominent risk factor for MI. Hypertriglyceridemia, but not hypercholesterolemia, is associated with MI.
TC/Alb ratio is considered a better index of cardiovascular risk than serum cholesterol. CP conc., CP activity and specific activity and Cu Conc. / CP oxidase activity anew biochemical parameters and risk factors, therefore this results it is regarded us a primary indicator to MI.

Bacteroides spp. isolation from pus or peritoneal fluid in patients with perforated peptic ulcer

Issra Abd ALwahed

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 190-198

From October 2001 till November 2007,two hundred eighty eight patients with perforated peptic ulcer including duodenal and gastric ulcer attending Baghdad teaching hospital and Al-Diwanyia teaching hospital were subjected for surgery and samples from free peritoneal fluid to obtain specimens for determining the rate of peritoneal colonization by bacteroides spp.
and the risk factors which may increase this rate by direct questionnaire to obtain preliminary guides for methods of prophylaxis against subsequent possible wound infection and systemic sepsis .Specimens was obtained using sterile syringe aspirating about 2-5 ml of pus or fluid which is air free Diagnostic confirmatory tests for Bacteroides spp. identification has been made by anaerobic culture utilizing selective complex medium like brain heart agar containing amikacin which inhibit growth of facultative anaerobes. Culture were incubated at 35-37c in an anaerobic atmosphere containing CO2.
Results showed that 48.6% of the studied patients were found to be Bacteroides culture positive . Some risk factors have been evaluated which may or not contribute to increasing the rate of Bacteroides spp. Colonization, among these ,time from onset of perforation till the time of surgery or sampling which was found to be a significant risk factor if the patient underwent surgery after 12hr from onset of perforation 72.5% .
Age was individually evaluated , it has appeared that increasing age is a risk factor and become significant after 50 years of age with 83.7% of patients in this age group was colonized with Bacteroides spp.
The associated other medical illness , steroids consumption and immune suppression were also evaluated in which only steroids found to be a significant risk factor with a rate approaching 80.4%.
Other risk factors which has been evaluated is the preoperative use of H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors , which found to significantly increase the rate of bacteroides isolation( 80%.).

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Uropathogens in Obstetric patients

Kareem Ghaly Mohamed; Sarmad Nory Gany; Thukra Abdullah Mahmood; Hanaa Ahmed Al-Sagheer

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 199-208

Across-sectional study was done to know the patterns of antimicrobial Susceptibility test of isolated uropathogens among pregnant women attending the Department of Gynaecology/Obstetric at the maternity&Child Teaching Hospital in Najaf Governorate.The study was conducted during the period between August 2006 to August 2007 .The study showed that 28%of pregnant women whom complained of signs & symptoms of urinary tract mfection (UTI) had a positive cultural result .The predominant pathogen was E.coli (44%) with high susceptibility test result to cefotaxim , ciprofloxacin , amikacin, and a high resistant rate to trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole & ampicillin.

Inheritance Ppattern of Fragile X-Syndrome in Iraqi Families

Eqbal D. Chalap Al-Graw

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 209-222

This study included five Iraqi families from four provinces, many members who suffered from congenital fragile X chromosome. Five family pedigrees were drawn up very clearly to follow the pattern of fragile X chromosome. The study showed that there is marked discrepancy in the sex ratio, with only boys affected. Females are affected only if they were homozygous, Heterozygous (carrier) females were clinically normal but transmitted the disease to 35% of their sons, and there is one in two risks that their daughters too were carriers. The fragile X chromosome was never transmitted directly from affected father to his sons but through his daughters to next generation indicating the skip¬-generation of inheritance. This study suggeststhatfragile X chromosome is inherited as X chromosome linked disease.

A Study about Bacterial Contamination In Maternity and Children Teaching Hospital

BEHEEJA A. HMOOD; Adnan H. Al-Hamedany; Mohammad A. Al-Shammary

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 223-233

The results of our study showed that percentage of bacterial contamination in operating rooms was (66.2%) before disinfection method, and after disinfection method was (47.5%). High contamination percentage (100%) was in room floor covers and was decreased to (60%) after disinfectant. The lowest percentage of contamination (1%) was in surgical instruments and disappeared after disinfectant. The percentage of contamination in disinfectants and antiseptics was (55%), high contamination percentage (75%) was in Chloroxylenol (Dettol) whereas the lowest (25%) was in Formalin.

Study Of The Congenital Malformations Causing Dystocia In The Najif Obstetric Hospital

Abdul Hadi salaal Mohammad; Hady Yousif Abid; Wedad Abid Jwad

Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 234-242

The present study was conducted in the obstetric hospital in the number of infected neonatal by congenital malformations in the period extend among October , November and December in the year of 1999 . The present study revealed the congenital malformation percentage was 1% , 1.46% and 1.82% for the three months respectively and including congenital malformation of the cardiovascular system , digestive system , nervous system , muscular system and down s syndrome as well as Edward s syndrome.The congenital malformations was due to acquired or environmental factors , or exposure of the pregnant women to large doses of radiation or certain medical drugs or the pregnant women were suffering from malnutrition also psychiatry emotional as well as the shocks during the pregnancy period .