A Survey Of Dermatophytes Isolated From Iraqi Patients In Baghdad City
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal,
2015, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 10-15
AbstractDermatophytes infection is a common problem worldwide and frequent in Iraq. Several reports and articles were published on prevalence, distribution, causes and treatment of dermatophytosis .
This case study was conducted on fifty patients(31males and 19 females) with suspected dermatophytes were studied . Their ages ranged from one year to fifty years .Patients admitted to Baghdad Teaching Hospital , Dept . of Dermatology , Baghdad during September 2010 to March 2011.Hairs and scales were collected and microscopicall examination using 20% KOH were done. Hair and scales from active outer border of the lesion were inoculated on modified Sabouraud's dextrose agar. Culture was incubated at room temperature(28C°) for 4 - 5 weeks. The identification of dermatophyte species was based on the gross , and microscopical and cultural characteristic according to standard mycological references .
The infection of dermatophyte was much higher in children below 10 years of age. Males 31(62%) were affected more than females 19(38%).Tinea capitis 19(47.5%) was the predominant clinical type .The main etiological agents was Trichophyton rubrum 20(50%) followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes 13(32.5%).
The predominant anthropophilic dermatophytic species was Trichophyton rubrum.
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence, causative agents of dermatophytosis in group of Iraqi patients in Baghdad.
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